FSEG LOGO FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING GROUP The Queen's Anniversary Prize 2002 The British Computer Society IT Awards 2001 The European IST Prize Winner 2003 The Guardian University Awards Winner 2014
The Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
UNIVERSITY of GREENWICH


FSEG PUBLICATIONS LIST

The publications listed below relate to output generated by the staff of FSEG.  All material listed has been approved for publication by the various funding agencies.  FSEG recognises the strategic sensitivity of some of their commercially funded activities and are willing to partake in limited non-disclosure arrangements.

Listed below are electronic media presentations by FSEG staff, FSEG reports published by CMS press and FSEG external publications.  FSEG reports are available from CMS Press and other outlets.  Details on how CMS Press publications can be obtained can be found on the CMS Press web pages (see item 2).  FSEG external publications are published in conference proceedings or journals.  Copies of these may be obtained directly from the publishers or through libraries.

(1) FSEG COVERAGE IN WORLD MEDIA

(2) FSEG Published Reports published by CMS Press (include abstracts).

(3) FSEG External Publications

Text in this colour refers to publications that are Evacuation/EXODUS related while text in this colour refers to publications that are Fire/SMARTFIRE related.



326 Galea, E. R., Deere, S. J., Hopkin, C. G., and Xie, H. (2017) Evacuation response behaviour of occupants in a large theatre during a live performance. Fire Mater., doi: 10.1002/fam.2424.

325 Galea, E.R., Wang, Z. and Jia, F. (2017) ‘Numerical investigation of the fatal 1985 Manchester Airport B737 fire’, The Aeronautical Journal, , pp. 1–33. doi: 10.1017/aer.2016.122.

324 Grandison, Y. Cavanagh, P.J. Lawrence and E.R. Galea, Increasing the simulation performance of large-scale evacuations using parallel computing techniques based on domain decomposition, Fire Technology, (online) 2017. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10694-016-0645-8

323 Galea, E. R., Xie, H., Deere, S., Cooney, D., and Filippidis, L. (2016) An international survey and full-scale evacuation trial demonstrating the effectiveness of the active dynamic signage system concept. Fire Mater., doi: 10.1002/fam.2414. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fam.2414/full

322 Galea, E.R., Wang, Z., and Jia, F., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer. J., (2016), Fire safety assessment of Open Wide Gangway underground trains in tunnels using coupled fire and evacuation simulation. Fire Mater., doi: 10.1002/fam.2413. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fam.2413/full

321 N. Chooramum, P.J. Lawrence, E. Galea, Urban Scale Evacuation Simulation Using buildingEXODUS, Interflam 2016,4-6th July 2016, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1645-1656 ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2016.

320 Kuligowski, E.D., Gwynne, S.M.V., Kinsey, M.J., & Hulse, L.M. Guidance for the model user on representing human behavior in egress models. Fire Technol (2016). doi:10.1007/s10694-016-0586-2

319 Gwynne, S.M.V., Hulse, L.M., & Kinsey, M.J. (2016). Guidance for the model developer on representing human behavior in egress models. Fire Technology, 52(3), 775-800. DOI: 10.1007/s10694-015-0501-2

318 Galea, E.R., Deere S., Brown R. and Filippidis, L., 2014. “A Validation Data-Set and Suggested Validation Protocol for Ship Evacuation Models”. Fire Safety Science, Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium, IAFSS, pp. 1115-1128, IAFSS / DOI:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.11-1115

317 Galea E.R., Xie, H., and Lawrence, P.J., 2014., “Experimental and Survey Studies on the Effectiveness of Dynamic Signage Systems”, Fire Safety Science, Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium, IAFSS, pp. 1129-1143, 2014, IAFSS / DOI: 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.11-1129

316 Real Time, Real Fire, Real Response: An Analysis of Response Behaviour in Housing for Vulnerable People, Mike Burroughs, Edwin R. Galea, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 477-488, Sept 2015.

315 From Data To Difference – Considering the Application of a Large-Scale Database of Human Behaviour in Accidental Dwelling Fires, David G. Wales, Owain F. Thompson, Lynn M. Hulse and Edwin R. Galea, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 465-476, Sept 2015.

314 Recollection of Flame Height and Smoke Volume in Domestic Fires, Lynn M. Hulse, Edwin R. Galea, David Wales, Owain F. Thompson and Asim Siddiqui, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 453-464, Sept 2015.

313 A Study of Response Behaviour in a Theatre During a Live Performance, Hopkin, C.G., Galea, E.R., and Deere, S.J., Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 385-398, Sept 2015.

312 The Simulation of Urban-Scale Evacuation Scenarios: Swinley Forest Fire, Anand Veeraswamy, Edwin R Galea, Lazaros Filippidis, Peter J Lawrence, and Robert J Gazzard, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 221-232, Sept 2015.

311 Investigating the Impact of Culture on Evacuation Response Behaviour, Edwin R Galea, Markus Sauter, Steven J Deere, and Lazaros Filippidis, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 351-360, Sept 2015.

310 The Impact of Security Bollards on Evacuation Flow, E.R. Galea, D. Cooney, G.G. Sharp, S. Gwynne, Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 131-142, Sept 2015.

309 Active Dynamic Signage System: A Full-Scale Evacuation Trial, Galea, E.R., Xie, H., Cooney, D. and Filippidis, L., Human Behaviour in Fire, Proceedings 6th Int Symp 2015, Interscience Communications Ltd, London, ISBN 978-0-9933933-0-3, pp 303-314, Sept 2015.

308 “Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour – A UK Data-Set,", Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Filippidis L., Deere, S., and Sauter, M., Proceedings of the 13th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2013 24-26th June 2013, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 893-908. ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2013

307 “Passenger Train Emergency Systems: Development of Prototype railEXODUS Software for U.S. Passenger Rail Car Egress”, Galea, E.R., Blackshields, D., Finney, K.M., and Cooney, D.P., U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, DOT/FRA/ORD-14/35, November 2014

306 "Understanding and simulating large crowds", Gwynne, S.M.V., Siddiqui, A.A., In: Traffic and Granular Flow '11, 2013, Conference Proceedings. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany. pp. 217-239. ISBN 9783642396687

305 “High-rise building evacuation post 911 – addressing the issues”, Galea, E.R., Tall Building Fire Safety Conference 2014, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 978190452853, pp 75-89, 2014.

304 Tall Building Fire Safety Conference 2014, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. Editor: Galea E.R., CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 978190452853, 154 pages, 2014.

303 "Modelling Evacuation using Escalators: a London Underground Dataset", Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P.J., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012. 6th International Conference. Proceedings. June 6-8, 2012, Springer, New York, NY. Pp.385-400 2014, ISBN 978-3-319-02446-2, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02447-9_32, 2014.

302 "An Evacuation Validation Data Set for Large Passenger Ships", Galea, E.R., Deere, S., Brown, R., and Filippidis, L., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012. 6th International Conference. Proceedings. June 6-8, 2012, Springer, New York, NY, pp.109-124 2014, ISBN 978-3-319-02446-2, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02447-9_7, 2014.

301 Behaviour - Security - Culture. "Human behaviour in emergencies and disasters: A cross-cultural Investigation.", Silke Schmidt and Ed Galea (Eds), 2013, Pabst Science Publishers.ISBN: 978-3-89967-867-3

300 "Exploring the appropriateness of the aviation industry evacuation certification requirements using fire and evacuation simulation.", Wang, Z., Jia, F., and Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 13th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2013 24-26th June 2013, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1035-1049. ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2013.

299 "The Development and Validation of a Rail Car Evacuation Model.", Galea, E.R., Blackshields, D., Lawrence, P.J., Finney, K., and Cooney, D., Proceedings of the 13th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2013 24-26th June 2013, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1023-1034. ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2013.

298 "Experimental Study of the Effectiveness of Dynamic Signage System", Xie, H., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P.J., Proceedings of the 13th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2013 24-26th June 2013, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 967-978. ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2013.

297 "Get Out, Stay Out” versus occupier independence: The results of an 18 month study of human behaviour in accidental dwelling fires in Kent", Thompson, O.F., Hulse, L.M., Wales, D. Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 13th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2013 24-26th June 2013, Royal Holloway College, London, UK, Volume 2, pp. 943-954. ISBN 978 0 9556548-9-3, 2013.

296 "Passenger Response Time Data-Sets for Large Passenger Ferries and Cruise Ships Derived from Sea Trials", Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S., and Filippidis, L., The Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, ISSN 1470-8751, Vol 155, Part A1, pp33-47, 2013

295 "A CFD Simulation of a Post-Crash Aircraft Fire Test", Wang, Z., Jia, F., and Galea, E.R.,AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol 50, No. 1, pp 164-175, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.C031845

294 "Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation", R.C. Day, L.M. Hulse and E.R. Galea, Fire Technology, 2012. doi: 10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9

293 "IMO Information paper - The SAFEGUARD enhanced scenarios and recommendations to IMO to update MSC Circ 1238", E.R. Galea, A. Grandison, D. Blackshields, G. Sharp, L. Filippidis, S. Deere, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, A. Breuillard, A. Cassez, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 106-110, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

292 "IMO INF paper summary - The SAFEGUARD enhanced scenarios and recommendations to IMO to update MSC Circ 1238", E.R. Galea, A. Grandison, D. Blackshields, G. Sharp, L. Filippidis, S. Deere, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, A. Breuillard, A. Cassez, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 105, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

291 "IMO Information paper - The SAFEGUARD validation data-set and recommendations to IMO to update MSC/Circ. 1238", E.R. Galea, L. Filippidis, S. Deere, R. Brown, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, N. Besnard, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 98-103, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

290 "IMO INF paper summary - The SAFEGUARD validation data-set and recommendations to IMO to update MSC/Circ. 1238", E.R. Galea, L. Filippidis, S. Deere, R. Brown, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, N. Besnard, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 97, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

289 "IMO Information paper - response time data for large passenger ferries and cruise ships", R. Brown, E.R. Galea, S. Deere, L. Filippidis, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 92-96, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

288 "IMO INF paper summary - response time data for large passenger ferries and cruise ships", R. Brown, E.R. Galea, S. Deere, L. Filippidis, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 91, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

287 "The SAFEGUARD heel scenario evacuation benchmark and recommendations to IMO to update MSC circ 1238", I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, B.S. Lee, E.R. Galea, S. Deere, D. Blackshields, G. Sharp, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 83-90, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

286 "The SAFEGUARD fire scenario evacuation benchmark and recommendations to IMO to update MSC circ 1238", E.R. Galea, A. Grandison, D. Blackshields, G. Sharp, L. Filippidis, S. Deere, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 65-82, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

285 "The SAFEGUARD validation data-set and recommendations to IMO to update MSC circ 1238", E.R. Galea, S. Deere, L. Filippidis, R. Brown, I. Nicholls, Y. Hifi, N. Besnard, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 41-60, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

284 "Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials and recommendations to IMO to update MSC circ 1238", R. Brown, E.R. Galea, S. Deere, L. Filippidis, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 25-40, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

283 "Data collection methodologies used in the SAFEGUARD project to collect human factors data", S.J. Deere, E.R. Galea, L. Filippidis, R. Brown, SAFEGUARD Passenger Evacuation Seminar 30 November 2012, London, UK, pp. 13-23, ISBN 978-1-909024-08-3, 2012

282 "Response time data for large passenger ferries and cruise ships", Robert Brown, Edwin Galea, Steven Deere, Lazaros Filippidis, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 460-471. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

281 "Modelling human factors and evacuation lift dispatch strategies", Micheal Kinsey, Edwin Galea, Peter Lawrence, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 386-397. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

280 "An Analysis of the performance of trained staff using movement assist devices to evacuate the non-ambulant", Aoife Hunt, Edwin Galea, Peter Lawrence, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 328-339. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

279 "The collection and analysis of data from a fatal large-scale crowd incident", Maria Pretorius, Steve Gwynne, Edwin Galea, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 263-274. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

278 "Fire and evacuation simulation of the fatal 1985 Manchester airport B737 fire", Zhaozhi Wang, Fuchen Jia, Edwin Galea, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 159-170. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

277 "The UK BESECU firefighter study: A study of UK firefighters' emotional, cognitive and behavioural reactions to emergencies", Lynn Hulse, Edwin Galea, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 86-97. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

276 "Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour - a Polish data-set", Edwin Galea, Gary Sharp, Markus Sauter, Steven Deere, Lazaros Filippidis, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Human Behaviour in Fire 2012, Cambridge UK, 19-21 September 2012, Interscience Communications Ltd. pp. 61-73. ISBN 978-0-9556548-8-6, 2012.

275 "Understanding human performance in ship evacuation", Edwin Galea, Philipp Lohrmann, Robert Brown, Steven Deere, Lazaros Filippidis, The Journal of Ocean Technology, Extreme Survival, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp 1-7, 2012

274 "Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling", Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P.J., Fire and Materials, Vol 36, pp399-415, 2012. doi: 10.1002/fam.1086

273 "Experimental Analysis of the Effectiveness of Emergency Signage and its Implementation in Evacuation Simulation", Xie, H., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Blackshields, D., and Lawrence P. Fire and Materials, Vol 36, pp367-382, 2012. doi: 10.1002/fam.1095

272 "Human Responses to Disasters: A Pilot Study on Peritraumatic Emotional and Cognitive Processing", Anna Grimm, Lynn Hulse, Silke Schmidt, Europe’s Journal of Psychology, Vol 8, pp 112-138, 2012. doi:10.5964/ejop.v8i1.303

271 "Post- and Peritraumatic Stress in Disaster Survivors: An Explorative Study About the Influence of Individual and Event Characteristics Across Different Types of Disasters", Anna Grimm, Lynn Hulse, Marek Preiss, Silke Schmidt, European Journal of Psychotraumatology, Vol 3, pp 7382-7390, 2012. doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382

270 "Evacuation and Pedestrian Dynamics Guest Editorial – 21st Century Grand Challenges in Evacuation and Pedestrian Dynamics.", Galea, E.R., Safety Science, Vol 50, pp 1653-1654, 2012. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2012.03.008

269 "An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation", Chooramun, N., Lawrence, P.J., Galea, E.R., Safety Science, Vol 50, pp 1685-1694, 2012. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022

268 "Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700)". Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M. K. and Galea, E. R., Fire and Materials, Vol 36 pp. 17–30, 2012. doi: 10.1002/fam.1079

267 "Understanding and representing staff pre-warning delay", Gwynne, S., Purser, D., Boswell, D., Sekizawa, A., Fire Protection Engineering, 2012. doi: 10.1177/1042391512436785

266 "The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: An overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling", Galea, E.R., Hulse, L., Day, R. Siddiqui, A., and Sharp. G. Fire and Materials, Vol 36, pp501-521, 2012.doi: 10.1002/fam.1070

265 "Human Factors Associated with the Selection of Lifts/Elevators or Stairs in Emergency and Normal Usage Conditions", Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P.J. Fire Technology, 48, pp2-26, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7

264 "Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis", A.A. Siddiqui, S.M.V. Gwynne, Safety Science, Volume 50, Issue 3, March 2012, Pages 478–493. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011

263 "A generalized relationship between the normalized yield of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide", Wang, Z., Jia, F., and Galea, E.R., Fire and Materials, Vol, 35, pp 577-591, 2011, DOI:10.1002/fam.1076

262 "Evacuation Models of the Future: Insights from an Online Survey of User's Experiences and Needs", Ronchi, E., Kinsey, M.J., Advanced Research Workshop - Evacuation and Human Behaviour in Emergency Situations, Santander, Spain, 21st October 2011, pp145-155, ISBN:978-84-86116-46-0.

261 “Development of a Hybrid Field/Zone Fire Model”, Daniel Burton, Angus Grandison, Mayur Patel, Edwin Galea, John Ewer, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, 19-24 June 2011, pp. 1373-1385. ISSN 1817-4299. DOI: 10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-1373

260 “Wayfinding Behaviour within Buildings – An International Survey”, Anand Veeraswamy, Edwin R Galea, Peter J Lawrence, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, 19-24 June 2011, pp. 735-748. ISSN 1817-4299. DOI: 10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-735

259 “Investigating the Impact of Culture on Evacuation Behaviour – A Turkish Data-Set”, Edwin R Galea, Markus Sauter, Steven J Deere, Lazaros Filippidis, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, 19-24 June 2011, pp. 709-722. ISSN 1817-4299. DOI: 10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-709

258 “Simulating Smoke Transport in Large Scale Enclosure Fires using a Multi-Particle-Size Model”, Xiaoqin Hu, Zhaozhi Wang, Fuchen Jia, Edwin R Galea, Mayur K Patel, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, 19-24 June 2011, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299. DOI: 10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-445

257 “Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source.”, Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., and Patel, M.K. Fire and Materials Vol 35, pp 505-526, 2011

256 “Evacuation analysis of 1000+ seat Blended Wing Body aircraft configurations: Computer Simulations and Full-Scale Evacuation Experiment”, Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer, J., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 151-162, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_14, 2011.

255 “Introducing Emotion Modelling to Agent-Based Pedestrian Circulation Simulation”, Hollmann, C., Lawrence, P. J., and Galea, E.R, Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 799-804, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_77, 2011.

254 “Implementing a Hybrid Space Discretisation Within An Agent Based Evacuation Model”, Chooramun, N., Lawrence, P.J., and Galea, E.R., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 449-458, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40, 2011.

253 “Stairs or Lifts? - A Study of Human Factors associated with Lift/Elevator usage during Evacuations using an online Survey”, Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P.J., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 627-636, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_56, 2011.

252 “An Experimental Evaluation of Movement Devices used to assist People with Reduced Mobility in High-Rise Building Evacuations”, Adams, A.P.M and Galea, E.R., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 129-138, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_12, 2011.

251 “Collection of Evacuation Data for Large Passenger Vessels at Sea”, Galea, E.R., Brown, R.C., Filippidis. L., and Deere. S., Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2010. 5th International Conference. Proceedings. March 8-10, 2010, Springer, New York, NY, Peacock, R.D., Kuligowski, E.D., and Averill, J.D., Editor(s), pp 163-172, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_15, 2011.

250 “Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment”, Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., and Ewer, J., The Aeronautical Journal, volume 114, Number 1154, pp 271-277, April 2010.

249 “Predicting concentrations of Hydrogen Cyanide in full scale enclosure fires”, Wang, Z., Jia, F., and Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010, 5-7th July 2010, University of Nottingham, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1769-1774. ISBN 978 0 9541216-6-2, 2010.

248 “Simulating a rail car fire using a flame spread model”, Hu, X., Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010, 5-7th July 2010, University of Nottingham, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1725-1730. ISBN 978 0 9541216-6-2, 2010.

247 “Modelling factors that influence CFD fire simulations of large tunnel fires”, Jia, F., Wang, Z., Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010, 5-7th July 2010, University of Nottingham, UK, Volume 2, pp. 1091-1102. ISBN 978 0 9541216-6-2, 2010.

246 “Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions”, Mahalingam, A., Patel, M.K., Galea, E.R., Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010, 5-7th July 2010, University of Nottingham, UK, Volume 1, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978 0 9541216-5-5, 2010.

245 “Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour”, Galea, E.R., Deere, S., Sharp, G., Filippidis, L., and Hulse, L., Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010, 5-7th July 2010, University of Nottingham, UK, Volume 1, pp. 879-892. ISBN 978 0 9541216-5-5, 2010.

244 “The SAFEGUARD Project: Collection and Preliminary Analysis of Assembly Data for Large Passenger Vessels at Sea”, Galea, E.R., Brown, R.C., Filippidis. L., and Deere. S., Proceedings, COMPIT’10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, Gubbio, 12-14 April 2010, pp 409-423, 2010.

243 See reference number 256

242 See reference number 255

241 See reference number 254

240 See reference number 253

239 "SMARTFIRE - The Fire Field Modelling Environment". Ewer, J., Galea, E., Patel, M., Jia, F., Grandison, A,. Wang, Z., V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECCOMAS CFD 2010. J C F Pereira, A Sequeira, J M C Pereira (eds), Lisbon, Portugal, 14-17 June 2010. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

238 "Risikowahrnehmung und psychologische Reaktionen in öffentlichen Krisensituationen am Beispiel von Terrorattentaten / Risk perception and psychological reactions in public crisis situations using the example of terror attacks", Grimm, A., Hulse, L. and Schmidt, S., Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 2009, Vol 52 (12). Pp. 1129-1140. doi: 10.1007/s00103-009-0966-6

237 "Investigating the impact of Aircraft Exit Availability on Egress Time Using Computer Simulation”. Galea, E. R., Togher, M., and Lawrence, P.,Proceedings Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, ED: W.W.F.Kligsch et al, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5, DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35, pp411-424, 2010.

236 "Numerical Optimisation Techniques Applied to Evacuation Analysis”.Tavares, M.R and Galea, E. R., Proceedings Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, ED: W.W.F.Kligsch et al, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5, DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49,pp555-562, 2010.

235 "Optimising Vessel Layout Using Human Factors Simulation”. Galea, E.R., Togher, M., and Lawrence, P., Proceedings Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5, DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54, pp597-604, 2010.

234 "Modelling Pedestrian Escalator Behaviour”. Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blackshields, D., Hulse, L., Day, R., and Sharp, G.,Proceedings Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, ED: W.W.F.Kligsch et al, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5,DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66, pp689-696, 2010.

233 "The UK WTC 9/11 Evacuation Study: an Overview of the Methodologies Employed and some Preliminary Analysis". Galea, E. R., Hulse, L., Day, R., Siddiqui, A., and Sharp, G., Boyce, K., Summerfield, L., Canter, D.,Marselle, M. and Greenall, P.V., Proceedings Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, ED: W.W.F.Kligsch et al, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5, DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1, pp3-24, 2010.

232 McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E. Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse. L.M, “The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1”. Fire Safety Journal 45, pp 21–34, 2010, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001

231 "Implementation of Cognitive Mapping, Spatial Representation and Wayfinding Behaviours of People within Evacuation Modelling Tools". Veeraswamy, A., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P., Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 501-512, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

230 "An Investigation of Passenger Exit Selection Decisions in Aircraft Evacuation Situations". Togher, M., Galea, E.R., and Lawrence, P., Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 421-432, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

229 "Experimental Study of the Effectiveness of Emergency Signage". Hui Xie, L Filippidis, E R Galea, D Blackshields, P J Lawrence. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 289-300, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

228 "Extended Model of Pedestrian Escalator Behaviour Based on Data Collected within a Chinese Underground Station". M J Kinsey, E R Galea, P J Lawrence. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 173-182, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

227 "Investigating the Use of Elevators for High-Rise Building Evacuation through Computer Simulation". M J Kinsey, E R Galea, P J Lawrence. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 85-96, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

226 "The UK WTC 9/11 Evacuation Study: an Overview of the Methodologies Employed and some Analysis Relating to Fatigue, Stair Travel Speeds and Occupant Response Times". E. R. Galea, Lynn Hulse, Rachel Day, Asim Siddiqui, Gary Sharp. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, 13-15 July 2009, pp. 27-40, ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1.

225 "Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: A combined approach for improving enclosure designs".R.Machado Tavares and E.R.Galea, Building and Environment, Volume 44, Issue 5, May 2009, Pages 1005-1016 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

224 “Simulating the Interaction of Occupants with Signage systems”. Filippidis, L., Lawrence, P., Galea E.R., Blackshields, D. Proceedings of 9th IAFSS Symposium Karlsruhe, Germany, 2008, ISNN 1817-4299, pp 389-400. DOI:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389

223 “Coupled Fire/Evacuation Analysis of the Station Nightclub Fire”. Galea E.R., Wang, Z., Veeraswamy, A., Jia, F., Lawrence, P., and Ewer, J. Proceedings of 9th IAFSS Symposium Karlsruhe, Germany, 2008, ISNN 1817-4299, pp 465-476. DOI:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465

222 “Methodologies employed in the Collection, Retrieval and Storage of Human Factors Information Derived from First Hand Accounts of Survivors of the WTC Disaster of 11 September 2001”, Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L, Siddiqui A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M., and Greenall, P., Journal of Applied Fire Science. Vol 15, Number 4, 253-276, 2006 (published in Nov 2008), http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/AF.15.4.b

A pdf version of the paper is available for download from here.


221 "Investigating the Representation of Merging Behavior at the Floor Stair Interface in Computer Simulations of Multi-Floor Building Evacuations". E Galea, G Sharp, P Lawrence. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Volume 18, pp. 291-316, 2008. Publisher SAGE. DOI:10.1177/1042391508095092

220 "Integrating Personnel Movement Simulation into Preliminary Ship Design". D Andrews, L Casarosa and R Pawling, University College London, UK; E Galea, S Deere and P Lawrence, University of Greenwich, UK. International Journal of maritime Engineering, Volume 150 Part A1, pp 19-34 (2008). ISSN: 1479-8751

219 "A Systematic Methodology to Assess the Impact of Human Factors in Ship Design", S J Deere, E R Galea, P J Lawrence. Applied Mathematical Modelling 33 (2009) 867-883. Publishers: Elsevier. ISSN: 0307-904X. Doi: 10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014

218 “A suggested procedure for benchmarking fire field models”, Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R, Patel, M.K., Ewer, J. International Journal on Engineering Performance-Based Fire Codes, Vol 8 (4), 132-144, 2006. ISBN: 1561-9559

217 A Database to Record Human Experience of Evacuation in Aviation Accidents. The Aircraft Statistics and Knowledge Database (AASK). Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A., and Cooney, D.P., CAA PAPER 2006/01. June 2008, ISBN 9780117908390. Full report can be downloaded from the CAA web site: http://www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?catid=33&pagetype=65&appid=11&mode=detail&id=3176

216 “Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation”. Galea, E.R., Togher, and Lawrence, P., Proceedings, 5^th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct – 1 Nov 2007, publishers US FAA, Full conference proceedings can be downloaded from FAA web site: http://www.fire.tc.faa.gov/2007Conference/proceedings.asp

215 “Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation”. Galea, E.R., Wang, Z., Togher, M., Jia, F., and Lawrence, P., Proceedings, 5^th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct – 1 Nov 2007, publishers US FAA, Full conference proceedings can be downloaded from FAA web site: http://www.fire.tc.faa.gov/2007Conference/proceedings.asp

214 “A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires”. Wang, Z., Galea, E.R., and Jia, F., Proceedings, 5^th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct – 1 Nov 2007, publishers US FAA, Full conference proceedings can be downloaded from FAA web site: http://www.fire.tc.faa.gov/2007Conference/proceedings.asp.

213 “Assessing Naval Ship Design for Human Factors Issues Associated with Evacuation and Normal Operations”, Deere, S J, Galea, E R and Lawrence, P, COMPIT08, Ed: V.Bertram and P Rigo, 21-23 April 2008 Liege Belgium, ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0, pp 33-47, 2008.Full conference proceedings can be downloaded from http://www.anast.ulg.ac.be/COMPIT08/"

212 “Approximating the Evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using Computer Simulation”, Galea,E.R, Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J., Holden, R., Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 18 (2), 85-115, 2008. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1042391507079343

211 "Signage Legibility Distances as a Function of Observation Angle”, Hui X, Filippidis L, Gwynne S, Galea E.R., Blackshields, D., and Lawrence P., Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 17, No1, pages 41-64, 2007. DOI: 10.1177/1042391507064025.

210 “Collection and Analysis of Pre-Evacuation time data collected from evacuation trials conducted in library facilities in Brazil”, R M Tavares, S.Gwynne, E.R.Galea, Applied Fire Science, Vol 15(1), 23-40, 2006

209 “Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model”, Z. Wang, F.Jia, E.R.Galea, M.K.Patel and J.Ewer, Fire and Materials, 31, pp443-461, 2007, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fam.942

208 “Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing”, A.J.Grandison, E.R.Galea, M.K.Patel and J.Ewer, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55, pp29-39, 2007, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fld.1278

207 “Recommendations on the Nature of the Passenger Response Time Distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 Assembly Time Analysis Based on Data Derived from Sea Trials.”, Galea, E.R., Deere, S., Sharp, G., Filippidis, L., Lawrence, L., and Gwynne, S., International Journal of Maritime Engineering, Vol 149, Part A1, ISSN 1479-8751, pp 15-29, 2007.

206 “How has 9/11 changed the preparedness of first responders: Are we ready for the next attach”, Panel 1: Joseph Ryan, Ed Galea, Michael Emmerman, Jim Dwyer, in After Shock, Rethinking the Future Since September 11, 2001, Pace University New York City, Sept 6-8, 2006, Ed: Katie Hall, ISBN 0944473830, Pace University Press, pp9-29, 2007

205 “Modelling Generation and Transport of Toxic Combustion Products in Enclosure Fires using Bench-Scale Test Data.”, Mahalingam A; Jia F; Patel M K; Galea E R, /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 2, pp. 1631-1636. ISBN 978 0 9541216-9-3, 2007.

204 “Introducing a Hybrid Field/Zone Modelling Approach for Fire Simulation.”, Burton D J; Grandison A J; Patel M K; Galea E R; Ewer J A. /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 2, pp. 1491-1497. ISBN 978 0 9541216-9-3, 2007.

203 "Investigating the Impact of Occupant Response Time on Computer Simulations of the WTC North Tower Evacuation.”, Galea E R; Sharp G; Lawrence P; Dixon A, /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 2, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 978 0 9541216-9-3, 2007.

202 “Predicting Toxic Species Concentrations in a Full-Scale Vitiated Fire.”, Wang Z; Jia F; Galea E R; Patel M P. /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 2, pp. 10471058. ISBN 978 0 9541216-9-3, 2007.

201 “Assessment of the Impact of Computed and Measured Fire Environments on Building Evacuation using Bench and Real Scale Test Data.”, Robinson J E; Hull T R; Lebek K; Stec A A; Galea E R; Mahalingam A; Jia F; Patel M K; Persson H; Journeaux T. /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 2, pp. 873-884. ISBN 978 0 9541216-9-3, 2007.

200 “Simulating the Evacuation of Very Large Populations in Large Domains using a Parallel Implementation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model.”, Grandison A; Muthu Y; Lawrence P; Galea E, /Proceedings of the 11^th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5^th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 1, pp. 259-270. ISBN 978 0 9541216-8-6, 2007.

199 “The UK WTC 9/11 Evacuation Study: Methodologies used In the Elicitation and Storage of Human factors Data.”, Galea E R; Shields J; Canter D; Boyce K; Day R; Hulse L; Siddiqui A; Summerfield L; Marselle M; Greenall P V., /Proceedings of the 11th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2007, 3-5th September 2007, Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK,/ Volume 1, pp. 169-181. ISBN 978 0 9541216-8-6, 2007.

198 “An analysis of the passenger to cabin crew ratio and exit reliability based on past survivable aviation accidents.”, E.R.Galea, K.M.Finney, A.J.P.Dixon, A.Siddiqui and D.P.Cooney. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, Ashgate publishing, 5(3), pp 239-256, 2005.

197 “CFD Fire Simulation of the Swissair Flight 111 In-Flight Fire – Part 2: Fire Spread analysis”, Jia F, Patel M, Galea E, Grandison A, Ewer J, The Aeronautical Journal. Vol 110, Number 1107, pp 303-314, 2006.

196 “Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge Database: Analyzing Passenger Behaviour in Aviation Accidents.”, E.R.Galea, K.M.Finney, A.J.P.Dixon, A.Siddiqui and D.P.Cooney. AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol 43, Number 5, pp 1272-1281, 2006.

195 “Proposed Methodology for the Use of Computer Simulation to Enhance Aircraft Evacuation Certification.”, E.R.Galea. AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol 43, Number 5, pp 1405-1413, 2006.

194 “Experimental Study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle”. Xie, H., Filippidis, L., Galea E.R., Gwynne S., Blackshields, D. Proc Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005, Ed: N.Waldau, P.Gattermann, H.Knoflacher, M.Schreckenberg, Springer, Germany, ISBN 878-3-540-47062-5, pp131-143, 2007.

193 “The 2001 World Trade Centre Evacuation”. Galea E.R., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A.J.P. and Westang, H., Proc Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005, Ed: N.Waldau, P.Gattermann, H.Knoflacher, M.Schreckenberg, Springer, Germany, ISBN 878-3-540-47062-5, pp225-238, 2007.

192 “Data Collection in Support of the Modelling of Naval Vessels” Gwynne S., Filippidis, L., Galea E.R., Cooney, D., and Boxtall, P., Proc Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005, Ed: N.Waldau, P.Gattermann, H.Knoflacher, M.Schreckenberg, Springer, Germany, ISBN 878-3-540-47062-5, pp443-454, 2007.

191 “Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models”. Galea E.R., Jia F., and Wang Z., Fire and Materials, Vol 31, Issue 1 pp 27-51 Jan/Feb 2007.

190 “An analysis of exit availability, exit usage and passenger exit selection behaviour exhibited during actual aviation accidents.”, E.R.Galea, K.M.Finney, A.J.P.Dixon, A.Siddiqui and D.P.Cooney. The Aeronautical Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, Vol 110, Number 1106, pp 239-248, 2006.

189 “The Impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance.”, S. Deere, E.R.Galea, P.Lawrence and S. Gwynne, The Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, Vol 148, Part A1 (Journal of Maritime Engineering), ISSN 1479-8751, pp 35-44, 2006.

188 “CFD Fire Simulation of the Swissair Flight 111 In-Flight Fire – Part 1: Prediction of the Pre-Fire Air Flow within the Cockpit and Surrounding Area”, Jia F, Patel M, Galea E, Grandison A, Ewer J, The Aeronautical Journal. Vol 110, Number 1103, pp 41-52, 2006.

187 "Modelling Human Behaviour in Underground Emergency Situations”, E.R.Galea. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Madrid Spain, March 15-17, 2006, Published by, SP, NI2, Intevia, pp149-151.

186 “Representing the Influence of Signage on Evacuation Behaviour within an Evacuation Model”, Filippidis L, Galea E, Gwynne S, Lawrence P., Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 16, No1, pages 37-73, 2006. DOI: 10.1177/1042391506054298.

185 “A systematic comparison of buildingEXODUS predictions with experimental data from the Stapelfeldt trials and the Milburn House Evacuation.”. Gwynne S., Galea E.R., Owen, M. Lawrence L., and Filippidis L. Applied Mathematical Modelling 29, pp 818-851, 2005.

184 "Parallel CFD based Fire Modelling on Conventional Office Based PCs", Grandison A.J., Galea E.R., Patel M.K., Ewer J., Proceedings of the Joint DCABES and ICPACE Meeting, ISBN 1-904521-27-4, CMS Press, University of Greenwich, UK,2005, pp43-46

183 “The Development of Parallel Implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs.”. Grandison A.J;, Galea E.R., Patel M.K., Ewer J. Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol 12(2) 137-157, 2003-2004.

182 Report on Testing and Systematic Evaluation of the airEXODUS aircraft evacuation model. Authors: E R Galea, S Blake, and P. J. Lawrence. ISBN 0860399664, CAA PAPER 2004/2005. April 2005, 86 pages.

181 Advanced Evacuation Simulation Software and its use in Warships", P Boxall, S.Gwynne, L. Filippidis, E.R.Galea, and D.Cooney. Proceedings of the Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, London UK, Publisher The Royal Institute of Naval Architects, 23-24 Feb 2005, pp 49-56.

180 "Simulation of ship evacuation and passenger circulation", F.Caldeira-Saraiva, J.Gyngell, R.Wheeler, E.R.Galea, A.Carran, R.Skjong, E.Vanem, K.Johansson, B.Rutherford and A.J.Simoes Re. Proceedings of the 2nd International Maritime Safety Conference on Design for Safety, Sakai Japan, Publisher Ship and Ocean Foundation, 27-30 Oct 2004, pp 197-205.

179 "Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments", E.R.Galea, P.Lawrence, S.Gwynne, G.Sharp, N.Hurst, Z.Wang and J.Ewer. Proceedings of the 2nd International Maritime Safety Conference on Design for Safety, Sakai Japan, Publisher Ship and Ocean Foundation, 27-30 Oct 2004, pp 161-170.

178 "Safer by Design". Galea E.R. Cruise Ship Interiors International, Spring 2004, pp 50-55, 2004.

177 "The European Union Fire-Exit Project, Improving maritime safety". Galea E.R. and Gyngell Jenny, Cruise Ship Interiors International, Summer 2004, pp 60-65, 2004.

176 "Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS". Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., and Filippidis, L.,. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium Human Behaviour in Fire, ISBN 0953231267, Boston, USA, 2001, pp 101-110.

175 "Evacuating an Overturned Smoke Filled Rail Carriage". Galea, E.R., and Gwynne, S. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium Human Behaviour in Fire, ISBN 0953231267, Boston, USA, 2001, pp 135-146.

174 "A Preliminary Investigation of the Evacuation of the WTC North Tower using Computer Simulation". E Galea, P Lawrence, S Blake, S Gwynne, H Westeng. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 1-3 September 2004, Europa Hotel, Belfast, UK, pp167-180.

173 "An Analysis of Human Behaviour during the WTC Disaster of 11 September 2001 Based on Published Survivor Accounts". S Blake, E Galea, H Westeng, A Dixon. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 1-3 September 2004, Europa Hotel, Belfast, UK, pp 181-192.

172 "Computational Fire Engineering – Do we have what we need?". E Galea. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire, 1-3 September 2004, Europa Hotel, Belfast, UK, pp 21-22

171 "The Representation of Occupant Sensitivity to Irritant Fire Gases, Within Evacuation Analysis". E Galea, S Gwynne, P Lawrence, Z Wang. 10th International Interflam Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, vol. 1, pp 353-364, ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

170 "The Simulation of Fire and Evacuation at Sea". E Galea, A Grandison, L Filippidis, S Gwynne, J Ewer, P Lawrence. Proceedings of the 10th International Interflam Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, Vol. 1, pp 755-760; ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

169 "Group Solvers: A Means of Reducing Run-Times and Memory Overheads for CFD-Based Fire Simulation Software". N Hurst-Clark, J Ewer, A Grandison, E Ed Galea. Proceedings of the 10th International Interflam Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, Vol. 1, pp 659-664; ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

168 "CFD Fire Simulation of the Swissair Flight 111 In-Flight Fire". F Jia, M Patel, E Galea. Proceedings of the 10th International Interflam Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, Vol. 1, pp 1195-1206; ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

167 "Predicting Hydrogen Chloride Concentrations in Fire Enclosures using a Deposition Model Linked to Field Fire Models". Z Wang, F Jia, E Galea, J Ewer. Proceedings of the 10th International Interflam Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, Vol. 1, pp 665-670; ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

166 "A New Approach to the Simulation of Gaseous Combustion and its Application to Several Test Fire Scenarios". J Zhang, F Jia, E Galea, J Ewer. Proceedings of the 10th International Interflam Conference, Edinburgh, 5-7 July 2004, Vol. 1, pp 1293-1304; ISBN 0 9541216 4 3.

165 "The simulation of ship evacuation under fire conditions". Galea E.R., Lawrence P, Gwynne S., Filippidis L., Blackshields D., Sharp G., Hurst N., Wang Z., and Ewer J., Proc Fire and Safety at Sea, Rocarm Pty Ltd, Melbourne Australia 17-19 March 2004, day2, session 1, pp 1/14 -14/14, 2004.

164 "Safer by Design: Simulating Fire and Escape at sea". Galea E.R., Grandison A., Filippidis L., Gwynne S., Ewer J. and Lawrence P, Proc 1st Int Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, London 10-11 March 2004, session 3, pp 1-22, 2004.

163 "Predicting the Performance of Passenger Ships using Computer Simulation", Galea E.R., Filippidis L., Gwynne S., Lawrence P.J. and Blackshields D, Proc Fire Safety and Survivability, Applied Vehicle Technology (AVT) Panel Symp, NATO Research and Technology Organisation, Aalborg Denmark 23-26 Sept 2002, RTO-MP-092, (AVT-088), CD, paper 33, 14 pages, published November 2003.

162 "The airEXODUS Evacuation Model and its Application to Aircraft Safety", Galea E.R., Blake S.J., Lawrence P.J., and Gwynne S., Proc Fire Safety and Survivability, Applied Vehicle Technology (AVT) Panel Symp, NATO Research and Technology Organisation, Aalborg Denmark 23-26 Sept 2002, RTO-MP-092, (AVT-088), CD, paper 31, 15 pages, published November 2003.

161 "Flight Simulation". Jia F., Patel, M. and Galea E.R. Fire Prevention Fire Engineers Journal, October 2003, pp27-29, 2003.

160 Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Galea E.R., Editor. CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 1904521088, 411 pages, 2003.

159 “Passenger Behaviour in Aircraft Emergency situations”. Galea E.R. Book Chapter In; Passenger Behaviour. Ed:R Bor, Publisher: Ashgate, ISBN 0754609367, pp 128-182, 2003.

158 “An Analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK V3.0 database.”. Galea E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui A., and Cooney D.P. The Aeronautical Journal, Vol 107, Number 1070, pp 219-231, 2003.

157 “The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft”. Galea E.R., Blake S., Gwynne S. and Lawrence P. The Aeronautical Journal, Vol 107, Number 1070, pp 207-218, 2003.

156 "Visibility Catchment Area of Exits and Signs", Authors: L.Filippidis, E.R.Galea, P.Lawrence and S.Gwynne. Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam '01, Vol. 2, pp 1529-1534, Edinburgh, Scotland, Sept 17-19 2001, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 2001. ISBN 0 95323129 1 (vol2).

155 "A semi-automated approach to CAD input into Field Based Fire Modelling Tools", Authors: I.Frost, M.K.Patel, E.R.Galea, P.Rymacrzyk and R.N.Mawhinney, Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam '01, Vol. 2, pp 1421-1426, Edinburgh,Scotland, Sept 17-19 2001, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 2001. ISBN 0 95323129 1 (vol2).

154 "Applying the Local Equivalence Ratio Concept to Fire Field Models", Authors: Z.Wang, F.Jia, and E.R.Galea, Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam '01, Vol. 2, pp 1409-1414, Edinburgh, Scotland, Sept 17-19 2001, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 2001. ISBN 0 95323129 1 (vol2).

153 "Predicting the evacuation performance of passenger ships using computer simulation", Authors: E.R.Galea, S. Gwynne, D. Blackshields, P.Lawrence and L.Filippidis, Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam '01, Vol. 2, pp 853-864, Edinburgh, Scotland, Sept 17-19 2001, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 2001. ISBN 0 95323129 1 (vol2).

152 "Automatic Dynamic Control of CFD Based Fire Modelling Simulations", Authors: D.Janes, J.A.C.Ewer, E.R.Galea, M.K.Patel and B.Knight, Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam '01, Vol. 1, pp 811-822, Edinburgh, Scotland, Sept 17-19 2001, pub by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 2001. ISBN 0 95323128 3 (vol 1).

151 “Simulating Ship evacuation under fire conditions”. Galea E.R., Lawrence P, Gwynne S., Filippidis L., Blackshields D., Sharp G., Hurst N., Wang Z., and Ewer J. Proc 2nd Int Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference, Ed: E.R.Galea, CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 1904521088, pp159-172, 2003.

150 “The use of Evacuation simulation, Fire Simulation and Experimental Data in Forensic Fire Analysis.”. Jiang, H, Gwynne S., Galea E.R., Lawrence P., Jia F and Ingason H. Proc 2nd Int Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference, Ed: E.R.Galea, CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 1904521088, pp341-354, 2003.

149 “Validating the buildingEXODUS Evacaution model using Data from an Unannounced Trial Evacuation.”. Park J., Gwynne S., Galea E.R., and Lawrence P. Proc 2nd Int Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference, Ed: E.R.Galea, CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 1904521088, pp295-306, 2003.

148 “Simulating the Interaction of Pedestrians with Wayfinding Systems.”. Filippidis L., Gwynne S., Galea E.R., and Lawrence P. Proc 2nd Int Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference, Ed: E.R.Galea, CMS Press, Greenwich, UK, ISBN 1904521088, pp39-50, 2003.

147 "World in Motion". Galea E.R. Fire Prevention Fire Engineers Journal, August 2003, pp16-17, 2003.

146 "Predicting the Past". Jiang, H, Gwynne S., Galea E.R., Lawrence P., Jia F and Ingason H. Fire Prevention Fire Engineers Journal, August 2003, pp18-20, 2003.

145 “The Application of Fire and Evacuation Simulation in Ship Design”. Galea, E R, Gwynne, S., Lawrence P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, N., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney,N. COMPIT 2003, 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, Hamburg, pp55-69, 2003.

144 “Fire Safety Engineering and Ship Design Using Advanced Fire and Evacuation Simulation”. Galea, E R, Gwynne, S., Lawrence P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, N., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney,N. 1st International Conference – Fire on Ships: Prevention, Detection and Control on Ships and Offshore Structures, 11-12/3/03.

143 “The Development of an Advanced Ship Evacuation Simulation Software Product and Associated Large Scale Testing Facility for the Collection of Human Shipboard Behaviour Data”. Galea E.R., Filippidis L, Gwynne S, Lawrence P, Sharp G, Blackshields D. Proceedings Int Conf on Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, pp37-50, 2002.

142 "The AASK Database V3.0: A database of Human Experience during Aircraft Evacuation Incidents". Galea E.R., Finney K.M., Dixon A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. Siddiqui, A. Proceedings of 7th IAFS Symposium WPI, USA, Ed: David Evans, ISBN 0-9545348-08, pp865-876, 2003.

141 "The Collection of Pre-Evacuation Times from Evacuation Trials Involving a Hospital Outpatient Area and a University Library Facility". Gwynne S, Galea E.R., Parke J, Hickson J. Proceedings of 7th IAFS Symposium WPI, USA, Ed: David Evans, ISBN 0-9545348-08, pp877-888, 2003.

140 “The Collection and Analysis of Pre-Evacuation Times from Evacuation Trials and their Application to Evacuation Modelling”. Gwynne S, Galea E.R., Parke J, Hickson J. Fire Technology, Kluwer Associates, US, pp173-195, vol 39, number 2, 2003.

139 “Analysing the Evacuation Procedures Employed on a Thames Passenger Boat using the maritimeEXODUS Evacuation Model”. Gwynne S, Galea E.R., Lyster C, Glen I. Fire Technology, 2003. Kluwer Associates, US, pp225-246, vol 39, number 3, 2003.

138 “Examining The Effect Of Exit Separation On Aircraft Evacuation Performance During 90-Second Certification Trials Using Evacuation Modelling Techniques”. Blake, S. J., Galea, E. R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. J., and Filippidis, L. The Aeronautical Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, pp1-16, January 2002.

137 “Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model.”. Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Ewer, J. Fire Safety Journal, 36, pp661-677, 2001.

136 “Modelling Occupant Interaction with Fire Conditions Using the buildingEXODUS model”. Gwynne S., Galea, E. R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. Fire Safety Journal, 36, pp327-357, 2001.

135 “Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke.” Galea E.R. and Gwynne S. Fire and Materials, 24, pp 291-302, 2000.

134 “The Development of a CFD Based Simulator for Water Mist Suppression Systems: The Development of the Fire Submodel”. Mawhinney, N., Grandison, A, Galea E.R., Patel, M. and Ewer, J., Applied Fire Science, Vol 9, Number 4, pp 311-346, 1999-2000.

133 “The Numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development”. F.Jia, E.R.Galea and M.K.Patel. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium IAFSS, ISBN: 0925 223 255, Poitiers France, Ed:M.Curtat, 1999, pp 953-964.

132 “Adaptive Decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion”. S.Gwynne, E.R.Galea, P.J.Lawrence and L.Filippidis. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium IAFSS, ISBN: 0925 223 255, Poitiers France, Ed:M.Curtat, 1999, pp 1041-1052.

131 "A Review of the Methodologies Used in Evacuation Modelling", Gwynne S, Galea E.R., Owen M., Lawrence P.J. and Filippidis L., Fire and Materials, v23, 6, pp383-389,Nov-Dec 1999.

130 An Aircraft Accident Database of Human Experience in Evacuation Derived from Aviation Accident Reports", Owen M., Galea E.R., Lawrence P.J. and Filippidis L., Fire and Materials, pp363-369, Nov-Dec 1999.

129 Escape As A Social Response", Gwynne S., Galea E.R., Owen M. and Lawrence P.J., Report Published by the Society of Fire Protection Engineers, USA, 1999.

128 A Review of the Methodologies Used in the Computer Simulation of Evacuation from the Built Environment, Gwynne S. and Galea E.R., Report Published by the Society of Fire Protection Engineers, USA, 1998.

127 A Review of the Methodologies used in the Computer Simulation of Evacuation from the Built Environment, Authors: S Gwynne, E R Galea, P J Lawrence, M Owen, L Filippidis, Building and Environment Vol. 34, pp 741-749, 1999.

126 Adaptive Decision Making in Response to Crowd Formations in buildingEXODUS, Authors: S Gwynne, E R Galea, P Lawrence, M Owen, L Filippidis, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol. 8 (4), pp 265-289, 1999.

125 SMARTFIRE: An Intelligent CFD Based Fire Model, Authors: J Ewer, E R Galea, M K Patel, S Taylor, B Knight, M Petridis, Journal of Fire Protection Enginering, Vol 10 (1), 1999, pp. 13-27

124 The Numerical Simulation of Fire Spread within a Compartment using an Integrated Gas and Solid Phase Combustion Model, Authors: F Jia, E R Galea, M K Patel, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol 8 (4), pp. 291-316, 1999.

123 Numerical Simulation of the Mass Loss Process in Pyrolizing Char Materials, Authors: F Jia, E R Galea, M K Patel, Fire and Materials, 23, pp 71-78, 1999.

122 Movement of the People, Author: E Galea, Aircraft Interiors International, pp 22-27, September 1999.

121 Extending the Capabilities of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model to Cater for Hospital Evacuations, Authors: E Galea, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering, 4-8 October 1999, Chicago, USA, pp 39-50.

120 The Numerical Simulation of the Noncharring Pyrolysis Process and Fire Development within a Compartment, Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel, Applied Mathematical Modelling 23, 587-607, 1999. ISSN 0307 904X.

119 Numerical Simulation of the Mass Loss Process in Pyrolizing Char Materials, Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel, Fire and Materials 23, 71-78, 1999. ISSN 0308-0501.

118 The Development and Application of Group Solvers in the SMARTFIRE Fire Field Model, Authors: J Ewer, E Galea, M Patel and B Knight, Proceedings of the 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'99, Vol. 2, pp 939-951, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 29 – July 1st 1999, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1999. ISBN 0 9532312 3 2.

117 Adapting the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model for Hospital Specific Evacuation Scenarios, Authors: E Galea, P Lawrence, M Owen, L Filippidis, Proceedings of the 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'99, Vol. 2, pp 1247-1252, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 29 – July 1st 1999, published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1999. ISBN 0 9532312 3 2.

116 The Numerical Simulation of Enclosure Fires using a CFD Fire Field Model Coupled with a Pyrolysis Based Solid Fuel Combustion Submodel – A First Approximation, Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel, Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol. 9, No.4, pp.1-17, 1999.

115 An Investigation of the Aspects of Occupant Behaviour Required for Evacuation Modelling, Authors: S Gwynne, E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol. 8(1), pp 19-59, 1998-99. ISSN 1044-4300.

114 Predicting the Evacuation Performance of Aircraft Using Computer Models – Part III of III, Authors: E R Galea, Focus on Commercial Aviation Safety, Autumn 1999, Issue 36, pp 8-10.

113 Predicting the Evacuation Performance of Aircraft Using Computer Models – Part II of III, Authors: E R Galea, Focus on Commercial Aviation Safety, Summer 1999, Issue 35, pp 8-9.

112 Predicting the Evacuation Performance of Aircraft Using Computer Models – Part I of III, Authors: E R Galea, Focus on Commercial Aviation Safety, Spring 1999, Issue 34, pp 14-15.

111 A Systematic Comparison of Model Predictions Produced by the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model and the Tsukuba Pavilion Evacuation Data, Authors: S Gwynne, E Galea, P Lawrence, M Owen, L Filippidis, Applied Fire Science, Vol. 7, No.3, pp 235-266, 1998. ISSN 1044-4300.

110 A General Approach to Validating Evacuation Models with an Application to EXODUS, Author: E Galea, Journal of Fire Sciencies, Vol. 16 – November/December 1998. pp 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041.

109 The Numerical Simulation of Aircraft Evacuation and its Application to Aircraft Design and Certification, Authors: M Owen, E Galea, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, The Aeronautical Journal, pp 301 – 312 June/July, 1998.

108 AASK - Aircraft Accidents Statistics and Knowledge: a Database of Human Experience in Evacuation, Derived from Aviation Accident Reports, Authors: M Owen, E Galea, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, The Aeronautical Journal, August/September, 1998, pp 353-363.

107 A Two-Dimensional Numerical Investigation of the Oscillatory Flow Behaviour in Rectangular Fire compartments with a single horizontal ceiling vent., Authors: L.Kerrison, E.Galea and M.Patel, Fire Safety Journal, (30), pp 357-382, 1998.

106 A Review Of The Methodologies Used In The Computer Simulation Of Evacuation From The Built Environment, Authors: S Gwynne, E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, Proc Human Behaviour in Fire, ED: Jim Shields, ISBN 1 85923 103 9, pp 681 – 690, 1998.

105 A comparison of predictions from the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model with Experimental data, Authors: E Galea, S Gwynne, S, Galea, , M Owen, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, Proc Human Behaviour in Fire, ED: Jim Shields, ISBN 1 85923 103 9, pp 711 – 720, 1998.

104 The Numerical Simulation of Aircraft Evacuation and its Application to Aircraft Safety, Authors: E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, Proc Human Behaviour in Fire, ED: Jim Shields, ISBN 1 85923 103 9, pp 529 – 540, 1998.

103 AASK - Aircraft Accidents Statistics and Knowledge: a Database of Human Experience in Evacuation, Derived from Aviation Accident Reports, Authors: M Owen, E Galea, P Lawrence, L Filippidis, Proc Human Behaviour in Fire, ED: Jim Shields, ISBN 1 85923 103 9, pp 509 – 518, 1998.

102 Safer and More Efficient Terminals: the role of movement, behaviour and evacuation simulation in design, Authors: E Galea, Passenger Terminal World, pp 60 – 64, November 1998.

101 The airEXODUS Evacuation Model and its Application to Evacuation Certification, Crew Training and Accident Investigation.Authors: E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence and L Filippidis. Proceedings of the Aircraft Cabin Safety Conference, 20-21 March 1997, pp. 15.1-15.14. Published by the Royal Aeronautical Society. ISBN 1 85768 038 3.

100 SMARTFIRE: An Integrated Computational Fluid Dynamics Code and Expert System for Fire Field Modelling. Authors: S Taylor, E Galea, M Patel, M Petridis, B Knight, J Ewer. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium IAFSS, Melbourne, Australia 1997, Ed: Y. Hasemi, pp. 1285-1296.

99 The Prediction of Fire Propagation in Enclosure Fires. Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium IAFSS, Melbourne, Australia 1997, Ed: Y. Hasemi, pp. 439-450.

98 Advanced Occupant Behavioural Features of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. Authors: M Owen, E Galea, P Lawrence. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium IAFSS, Melbourne, Australia 1997, Ed: Y. Hasemi, pp. 795-806.

97 A Review of the Methodologies and Critical Appraisal of Computer Models used in the Simulation of Evacuation from the Build Environment. Authors: S Gwynne, E Galea. CMS Press, Paper No.97/IM/21, ISBN 1 899991 21 2, 1997.

96 The Validation of Evacuation Models. Authors: E Galea. CMS Press, Paper No. 97/IM/22, ISBN 1 899991 22 0, 1997.

95 Principles and Practice of Evacuation Modelling. A Collection of Lecture Notes for a Short Course by the Fire Safety Engineering Group. Authors: E Galea, M Owen, S Gwynne. CMS Press Paper No.97/IM/23, ISBN 1 89991 23 9, 1997.

94 Using Mathematical Models to Predict the Development of Aircraft Cabin Fires. Authors: E Galea, N. Hoffmann. Proceedings, AGARD PEP 88th Meeting on Aircraft Fire Safety, AGARD CP-587, ISBN 92-836-0046-0, pp. 7.1 - 7.12, September 1997.

93 The Role of Evacuation Modelling in the Development of Safer Air Travel. Authors: E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence. Proceedings, AGARD PEP 88th Meeting on Aircraft Fire Safety, AGARD CP-587, ISBN 92-836 0046-0, pp. 36.1 - 36.13, September 1997.

92 The Prediction of Fire Propagation in Enclosure Fires. Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel Paper No.96/IM/10, CMS Press, 1996, ISBN 1 899991 09 3.

91 The EXODUS Model. Authors: E Galea, M Owen, P Lawrence. Fire Engineers Journal, July 1996, pp.26-30.

90 On the Modelling of the Thermal Interactions between a Spray Curtain and an Impinging Cold Gas Cloud. Authors: E Alessandri, J M Buchlin, A Cavallini, M K Patel, E Galea. Paper No.96/IM/11, CMS Press, 1996, ISBN 18 99991 10 7.

89 The EXODUS Evacuation Model Applied to Building Evacuation Scenarios. Authors: M Owen, E Galea, P Lawrence. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering 1996, Vol.8(2), pp 65-86.

88 CFD Analysis of Fire Plumes Emerging from Windows with External Protrusions in High-Rise Buildings. Authors: E R Galea, D Berhane, N A Hoffmann. Proceedings of the 7th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'96, pp 835-839, St John's College, Cambridge, England, March 1996, compiled by C Franks and S Grayson, Published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1996. ISBN 0 9516320 9 4.

87 Fire - Sprinkler Spray Interaction Modelling using an Euler-Lagrange Approach. Authors: R N Mawhinney, E R Galea, M K Patel. Proceedings of the 7th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'96, pp 841-845, St John's College, Cambridge, England, March 1996, compiled by C Franks and S Grayson, Published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1996. ISBN 0 9516320 9 4.

86 SMARTFIRE: An Intelligent Fire Field Model. Authors: S Taylor, E R Galea, M K Patel, M Petridis, B Knight, J Ewer. Proceedings of the 7th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'96, pp 671-680, St John's College Cambridge, England, March 1996, compiled by C Franks and S Grayson, Published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1996. ISBN 0 9516320 9 4.

85 Emergency Egress from Large Buildings under Fire Conditions Simulated Using the EXODUS Evacuation Model. Authors: E R Galea, M Owen, P J Lawrence. Proceedings of the 7th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference: Interflam'96, pp 711-720, St John's College, Cambridge, England, March 1996, compiled by C Franks and S Grayson, Published by Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, 1996. ISBN 0 9516320 9 4.

84 A Critical Comparison of a PHOENICS Based Fire Field Model with Experimental Compartment Fire Data. Authors: R Mawhinney, E Galea, N Hoffmann, M Patel. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Vol 6 No 4, pp 137-152 (1994).

83 Revisiting the Carrier Phase Source Term Formulation in Mixed Lagrangian-Eulerian Particle Models. Authors: E Alessandri, R N Mawhinney, M K Patel, E R Galea. Numerical Heat Transfer, 1996, Part B, 30; pp 111-116.

82 The Role of Evacuation and Fire Modelling in the Development of Safer Aircraft. Author: E R Galea. Proceedings, Int. Conference on Cabin Safety Research, Atlantic City, November 1995, publishers FAA, Report DOT/FAA/AR-95/120 - TP 12642, pp.145-160, 1996.

81 Combustion Models of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. Authors: F Jia, E Galea, M Patel and N Hoffmann. Paper No.95/IM/09, CMS Press, ISBN 1 899991 08 5.

80 A Collection of Papers Presented by the Fire Safety Engineering Group at the INTERFLAM'96 Conference, Cambridge, 26-28 March 1996. Paper No.95/IM/08, CMS Press, ISBN 1 899991 07 7.

79 A Collection of Papers Presented by the Fire Safety Engineering Group at the First European Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Zurich 21-23 August 1995. Paper No.95/IM/05, CMS Press, ISBN 1 899991 04 2.

78 A Two-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of the Oscillatory Flow Behaviour in Fire Compartments with a Single Horizontal Ceiling Vent Authors: L Kerrison, E R Galea and M K Patel. Paper No.95/IM/02, CMS Press, ISBN 1 899991 01 8. 78 The EXODUS evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios. Authors: E R Galea, M Owen and P Lawrence. Proc International conference, Fire Safety By Design, ISBN 0 9527398 3 6, Vol.3, pp.81-90, Compiled by G W Butler, 1995.

77 CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows in high-rise buildings. Authors: E R Galea, D Berhane and N Hoffmann. Proc International conference, Fire Safety By Design, ISBN 0 9527398 3 6, Vol.3, pp. 111-120, compiled by G W Butler, 1995.

76 Computer Modelling of Human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Authors: E R Galea, M Owen and P Lawrence. Toxicology 115 (1996), pp. 63-78, Publ. Elsevier.

75 A comparison of a FLOW3D based fire field model with experimental room fire data. Authors: L Kerrison, E R Galea and M Patel. Fire Safety Journal 23, pp.387-411, 1994.

74 Predicting the Evacuation Performance of Mass Transport Vehicles. Authors: E R Galea and M.Owen 'Fire Safety on Ships', Developments into the 21st Century. ISBN 0-907206-57-3, IMarE Conference, Vol 106,2, Lond 1994,239 - 247.

73 Progress in the Development of a New Fractal LES model for the modelling of turbulent flows with Heat Transfer. Authors: S Dempsey, K Pericleous and E R Galea. ICHMT Volume 1 pp 6.3.1 - 6.3.5, Lisbon 1994.

72 Progress in the Development of a Six-Flux Radiation Model for use in FLOW3D Based fire field models. Authors: N Hoffmann and E R Galea. Eurotherm 37. Heat Transfer in Radiating and Combusting Systems - 2. pp 195 - 207, 1994.

71 The role of Mathematical Modelling in the Development of Safer Aircraft. Author: E R Galea. ISASI FORUM Vol 27 No 5 pp 172 - 185, Dec 1994.

70 A comparison of two fire field models with experimental room fire data. Authors: L Kerrison, N Mawhinney, E R Galea, N Hoffmann, M Patel Fire Safety Science. Proc of the 4th Symp. pp 161 - 172. Hemisphere Pub Corp 1994. Editor T. Kashiwagi.

69 A Computer Based Simulation Model for the Prediction of Evacuation from Mass Transport Vehicles. Authors: E R Galea and J M P Galparsoro. Fire Safety Journal Vol 22 pp 341 - 366, 1994.

68 A Computer Based Simulation of the Evacuation of Passengers under Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Conditions from Wide and Narrow Body Aircraft. Author: E R Galea. Invited Paper, Proc. 11th Annual Int. Aircraft Cabin Safety Symp., Southern California Safety Institute, Calif. USA, Jan 1994. pp 259 - 280.

67 A Computer Based Simulation of the Evacuation of Passengers under Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Conditions from Wide and Narrow Body Aircraft. Invited Paper, Proc. 11th Annual Int. Aircraft Cabin Safety Symp., Southern California Safety Institute, Calif. USA, Jan 1994. E R Galea and J M P Galparsoro.

66 EXODUS: A simulation Model for the Evacuation of Large Populations from Mass Transport Vehicles and Buildings under Hazardous Conditions. CIB W14, Int. Symp. and Workshop Engineering Fire Safety in the Process of Design. Univ. of Ulster Sept. 1993, Part 3 pp 11-25. E R Galea, J M P Galparsoro and J Pearce.

65 How University Professor's Prototype Egress Model Helps Evacuation Design. Fire, July 1993, p.23. E R Galea.

64 Numerical Study into Fire Generated Complex Buoyancy Driven Flows in Aircraft and High Rise Building environments. Proceed. 1st CFDS. Int. User Conference; Oxford, England; May 1993. N A Hoffmann, E R Galea and D Berhane.

63 Large-Scale Fire Field Modelling - The Route to General Use via Parallel Processing. Proceed, Interflam '93, Oxford England, March 1993, pp.307-319. E R Galea, N Hoffmann and D Berhane.

62 Numerical Investigations of Complex Buoyancy Driven flows Generated by Fires within Air- and Space-Vehicles. Proceed, 18th Int Conf on Fire Safety. Jan 1993. San Francisco, USA, Vol.18, pp.183-193. E R Galea, N Hoffmann and M K Patel.

61 A Brief Description of the EXODUS Evacuation Model. Proceed, 18th Int Conf on Fire Safety. Jan 1993. San Francisco, USA, Vol.18, pp.149-162. E R Galea, J M Perez Galparsoro and J Pearce.

60 EXODUS: An Evacuation Model for Mass Transport Vehicles. UK CAA Paper 93 006 ISBN 0 86039 543X, 1993. E R Galea and J M Perez Galparsoro.

59 An Extension of the Fire-Field Modelling Technique to include Fire-Sprinkler Interaction: Part 2, The Simulations. Int J of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.36, No.6, pp.1445-1457, 1993. N Hoffmann, and E R Galea.

58 An Extension of the Fire-Field Modelling Technique to include Fire-Sprinkler Interaction: Part 1, The Mathematical Basis. Int J of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol 36, No.6, pp.1435-1444, 1993. N Hoffmann, and E R Galea.

57 Towards a Knowledge Based System for Computational Fluid Dynamics. Internal Report in the School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing, The University of Greenwich, London, SE18 6PF. (Dec. 1992). J Ewer, D Cowell, B Knight et al.

56 Fire Field Modelling on Parallel Computers. Fire Safety Journal 19, pp 251-266, 1992. E R Galea and C Ierotheou.

55 A Fire-Field Model Implemented in a Parallel Computing Environment. Int J.Numerical Methods in Fluids vol 14, pp175-187 1992. C Ierotheou and E R Galea.

54 FLOWES: an Intelligent Computational Fluid Dynamics System. 'Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence'. Ed. M.G. Rodd, Vol 5 No.1 pp 51-58. Pergamon. 1992. B Knight, M Petridis.

53 Integrating an Expert System with Computational Fluid Dynamics Software. Expersys-92, Ed. A Niku-Lari pp 153-159. 1992. B Knight, M Petridis, D Cowell.

52 A Numerical Simulation of the NBS Cup Furnace Toxicity Test. Fire Safety Journal, 19, 279, 1992. E N Ling, E Metclafe, S Nadarajan and M K Patel.

51 Use of CFD to Predict Airborne Pollution Dispersal. Proc. 1st Int. Conference on Environmental Pollution, Lisbon, April 1991. S N Drake, K Pericleous and T Scheiwiller.

50 A Parallel Implementation of a General Purpose Fluid Flow Code and its Application to Fire Field Modelling. Proceed. Parallel Computing '91. Ed: D.J. Evans, G.R. Joubert, and H. Liddell. Elsevier Science Publishers, pp601-608, 1992. E. R. Galea and C. Ierotheou.

49 The Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation of Fire Development in Aircraft. Int J of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol 34 No 1 pp 181-197 1991. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

48 Columbus: Mathematical Modelling of Fire in Microgravity, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations. July 1991, ESTEC 8711/90/NL/IW. E R Galea and M K Patel.

47 On the Eulerian-Eulerian Approach to Fire-Sprinkler Modelling. J of Fire Protection Engineering, 3 (4) pp123-136 1991. N Hoffmann and E R Galea.

46 An application of the Eulerian-Eulerian Technique to a Transient Two-Phase Fire-Sprinkler Simulation. Proc 13 IMACS Congress Dublin July 1991. N Hoffmann and E R Galea.

45 The Mathematical Modelling of Two-Phase Fire-Sprinkler Interaction. Proceed. of the 5th European Conf on Mathematics in Industry, Ed. M.Heilio. B.G.Teubner Stuttgart and Kluwer Academic publishers Netherlands. 1991. pp249-253. N Hoffmann and E R Galea.

44 A Fire-Field Model Implemented in a Parallel Computing Environment: An Initial Study. Numerical Methods in Fluids, Vol VII, part 2. Ed: R.W.Lewis, J.H.Chin and G.M.Homsy. Pineridge Press, Swansea, 1991 pp 1160 - 1170. C Ierotheou and E R Galea.

43 A Multi-Transputer Approach to Fire Field Modelling. Supercomputer, 42, VIII-2; 1991, pp 16-24. C Ierotheou and E R Galea.

42 Development and Application of a Generalised Radiation Flux Model for Combustion in Dusty gases. Proc. Int. Conference on Multi-Phase Flows, Tsukuba, Japan 1991. P Kostamis, K Pericleous.

41 The Thermo-oxidative Degradation of PTFE in the NBS Cup Furnace Toxicity Test. Fire and Materials, 15, 53, 1991 E Metcalfe, A R Harman and M K Patel.

40 An Application of the Two-Fluid Technique to the Modelling of Fires in Enclosures. 4th Int. PHOENICS user conf., Florida USA 1991. K Pericleous.

39 A Blackboard Architecture for CFD Software. Proceedings 13th IMACS World Congress on Computation and Applied Mathematics. Vol 2 pp 596-598 Dublin.

38 A Design for Reliable CFD Software. 'Reliability and Robustness of Engineering Software II'. Eds. Brebbia, C.A., Ferrante, A.J., pp 3-18, Elsevier 1991. M Petridis, B Knight, D Edwards.

37 A Transient Two-Phase Fire-Sprinkler Simulation with possible extention to Transputer Architecture. Presented at Eurotherm Seminar No 13 Harwell Laboratory, Oxfordshire, 5-6 June 1990. N Hoffmann and E R Galea.

36 A Transient Two-Phase Fire-Sprinkler Simulation. Proc of IASTED Int Conf Modelling, Simulation and Optimisation, Montreal, 22-24 May 1990. N Hoffmann and E R Galea.

35 Computer Simulation of Fire-Sprinkler Interaction. PhD Thesis, Thames Polytechnic, 1990. N Hoffmann.

34 Numerical Study of Solar Wall effects for Air Movement and Temperature Distribution in the Glass Atrium of a Building. Proc. ICHT symp. Hemisphere, Nov. 1990. K A Pericleous and S N Drake.

33 A Two-Fluid Approach to the Modelling of Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flames. Proc. Eurotherm 17, European Conf. on Combusting and Radiating systems, Springer Verlag, Portugal, Oct. 1990. K Pericleous and N C Markatos.

32 Mathematical Modelling of Thermal NOx Emissions in Combustion Chambers. Proc. Eurotherm 17, Springer Verlag, Portugal 1990. K Pericleous and N C Markatos.

31 Fighting Fires With Numbers. Proc Int Aviation Emergency Management (ISBN 1870208188), Vol 3, pp16-30 Castle Donington, Derby 10-12 Oct 1989. E R Galea.

30 Smoke and toxic gas movement in passenger aircraft: A computer simulation. Proc of Fire International 89. Birmingham 4-8 Sept 1989. E R Galea.

29 Forced and Natural venting of aircraft cabin fires: A numerical simulation. Proc 73rd Symp on Aircraft Fire Safety, NATO AGARD. Portugal 22-26 May 1989. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

28 The Burning Questions. The Guardian, p38, 26th January 1989. E R Galea.

27 Fire in the Sky. Aircraft Eng and Aerospace Tech, Vol 61, 2, pp26-29, 1989. E R Galea.

26 On the Field Modelling approach to the Simulation of Enclosure Fires. J of Fire Protection Eng 1 (1), pp11-22, 1989. E R Galea.

25 Prediction of Fire Development in Aircraft. Proc of the 2nd Int Phoenics Users Conf, London, England, Nov 1987. CHAM Pub, pp308-328, 1989. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

24 Mathematical Modelling of Fire-Sprinkler Interaction. App Math Mod, Vol 13, 5, pp298-306, 1989. N Hoffmann, E R Galea and N C Markatos.

23 The Formation and Nature of the supertoxic Combustion products of PTFE formed under certain fire conditions. Joint meeting of the French & British sections at the Combustion Institute, ROUEN (1989). E Metcalfe, A R Harman, M K Patel, P Fardell and C Lukas.

22 The Development of Mathematical Models for Aircraft Cabin Fires. Proc of Aeroplas 88 conference. Brussels Oct 1988. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

21 The Modelling of Thermal NOx emissions in combustion and its use in improving burner design. British Flame Dyns - furnace combustion research and its applications, Imperial College, London, Sept 1988. K Pericleous and I Clark.

20 Smoking out the Secrets of Fire. New Scientist, pp44-48, 7 July 1988. E R Galea.

19 Aircraft Cabin Fires: A Numerical Simulation. Proc of the 12th IMACS Congress, Paris, France, July 1988. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

18 A Computer Simulation of Fire-Sprinkler Interaction: A Two-Phase Phenomena. Proc of the 12th IMACS Congress, Paris, France, July 1988. N Hoffmann, E R Galea and N C Markatos.

17 Progress in Mathematical Modelling of Aircraft Cabin Fires. Disaster Management, Vol 1 (1), June 1988. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

16 Modelling of Aircraft Cabin Fires. Fire Safety Science. Proc of the 2nd Int Symp Tokyo, Hemisphere Pub Corp pp801-810, Editors Takao Wakamatsu et al, June 1988. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

15 Thermal Radiation Effects on Fires in Enclosures. Appl Math Modelling, Vol 12, pp129-140, 1988. N Hoffmann and N C Markatos.

14 An assessment of flow oriented schemes for reducing 'False Diffusion'. Int Jnl of Num Meth Engineering, Vol 26, No 10, pp2279, 1988. M K Patel, M Cross and N C Markatos.

13 An evaluation of eight discretisation schemes for two-dimensional mathematical modelling of buoyancy-induced smoke flow in enclosures. NUMOD Report 2, 1988. M K Patel, N C Markatos and M Cross.

12 Smoke Spread Simulation in a covered sports stadium. IAFSS 4th Int Symp on Fire Safety, Tokyo, Japan, 1988. K Pericleous, D Worthington and G Cox.

11 The Modelling of Thermal NOx Emissions in Combustion. Proc. 2nd Int. PHOENICS User Conference, London, pp 185-213, 1987. I W Clark, K A Pericleous and N Brais.

10 A Review of Mathematical Modelling of Aircraft Cabin Fires. App Math Mod, Vol 11, 161, 1987. E R Galea and N C Markatos.

9 A Hydrometeorological Three-Dimensional Model of Thermal Energy Releases into the Environment. Int. Jour. of Num. Methods in Fluids, Vol. 7, 1987. N C Markatos and K A Pericleous.

8 Application of Field Modelling Techniques to Fires in Air-Supported Structures. 6th Int PCH Conf, Oxford, 1987. K Pericleous, D Worthington and H Nakamura.

7 Mathematical Modelling of Fires in Hospital Wards. 14th National Conf on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, Roorkee, India, Jan 1986. N Hoffmann, S Kumar and G Cox.

6 Some validation of JASMINE for fires in hospital wards. Num Sim of Fluid Flow and Heat/Mass Transfer Processes Ed by N C Markatos et al, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp159-169, 1986. N Hoffmann, S Kumar and G Cox.

5 A novel approach to the field modelling of Fire. Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, Vol 7, No 2/3, pp125-143, 1986. K Pericleous, G Cox and N C Markatos.

4 Investigation of three-dimensional fires in enclosures. Proc 21st National Heat Transfer Conf ASME/AIChE, HTD, Vol 25, 1985. K Pericleous and N C Markatos.

3 A Two-fluid model of Turbulence applied to the simulation of Fires. Proc 11th IMACS World Cong, Norway, Vol 2, pp181-184, 1985. K Pericleous and N C Markatos.

2 On the Three-Dimensional Modelling of Airborne Evaporative Cooling Tower Effluent in Interaction with the Atmosphere. Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Numerical Methods in Laminar and Turbulent Flow, Swansea, Vol. 2, pp 979-990, 1985. K A Pericleous, N C Markatos and R Simitovic.

1 Three-Dimensional Fires in Enclosures. Rev. Gen. de Thermique 23, (266), 64, 1984. K A Pericleous and N C Markatos

 

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