FSEG LOGO FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING GROUP The Queen's Anniversary Prize 2002 The British Computer Society IT Awards 2001 The European IST Prize Winner 2003 The Guardian University Awards Winner 2014
Faculty of Engineering and Science



FSEG is one of the largest university based groups dedicated to Computational Fire Engineering in the world. Since 1991, FSEG has generated over £6 million worth of research and consultancy funding and published over 200 research papers. Research and Consultancy falls into three broad areas:

CONSULTANCY and industrial research contracts,

RESEARCH PROJECTS with 'industrial collaboration' funded by a combination of EPSRC and industrial partners,

APPLIED RESEARCH funded by EPSRC and the EU.

Examples of research projects undertaken by FSEG include:

  • Analysis of the WTC 9/11 evacuation.
  • Development of solid phase combustion models.
  • Development of fire effluent-human interaction models.
  • Experimental study exploring the interaction of people with signage systems.
  • Prediction of CO/CO2 generation in enclosure fires.
  • Full-scale unannounced evacuation experiments focusing on occupant response and response time.
  • Development of two-phase fire-water interaction models.
  • Development of escalator and elevator models.
  • Experimental study into the evacuation capability of overturned rail carriages.
  • Developing hybrid field-zone fire models.
  • Development of pedestrian dynamics circulation movement and behaviour models.
  • Human behaviour studies relating to high-rise building evacuation.
  • Development of rail car evacuation models.
  • Experimental study of human evacuation performance in heeled marine environments.
  • Development of CBRN dispersion and evacuation models.

    Examples of consultancy projects undertaken by FSEG include:
  • Analysis of passenger ship design for evacuation.
  • Fire and evacuation forensic analysis of major fire scenes.
  • Analysis of evacuation safety of naval vessels.
  • Analysis of ventilation and smoke movement characteristics for underground structures.
  • Evacuation analysis of high rise buildings.
  • Fire and smoke spread in aviation, building and marine environments.
  • Circulation and evacuation analysis for subway stations.
  • Analysis of evacuation provision for hospitals.
  • Analysis of evacuation provision for historic buildings.
  • Fire analysis for the Canadian Transport Safety Board as part of the MD11 Swiss Air Disaster.
  • Expert witness to Inquiries such as the Cullen Inquiry into the Ladbroke Grove disaster.
  • Evacuation analysis for aircraft manufacturers concerning design and certification.
  • Advice to fire brigades on fire and evacuation performance of large structures e.g. warehouses.
  • Analysis of smoke movement and ventilation requirements of atria.


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Research undertaken by FSEG has lead to the development of the CFE tools buildingEXODUS, airEXODUS, maritimeEXODUS and SMARTFIRE.  These products are distributed world-wide by FSEG. 

The buildingEXODUS building evacuation model is currently used by Fire Brigades, Regulatory authorities, Design Engineers and Universities in 31 countries. The airEXODUS evacuation model has become the recognised world leading evacuation model in the aviation industry and has been used in projects for Boeing, Airbus, British Aerospace, Bombardier and Mitsubishi. The maritimeEXODUS software has been used for the analysis of large passenger ships, naval vessels (Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy), large pleasure craft such as Thames River boats and Off-shore oil platforms. It has users in the UK, Netherlands, Korea, Italy, Taiwan, Denmark, Canada and the USA. maritimeEXODUS has been endorsed by the UK MOD as, “the escape tool that most closely meets the needs of the MOD for the development of warship escape design guidance and assessment”. The group is also developing the railEXODUS software under contract to the US FRA. 

The SMARTFIRE fire field model has users in 17 countries. In 2002, SMARTFIRE was selected by the Transport Safety Board (TSB) of Canada to aid in the investigation of the tragic fire on Swissair flight 111. John Garstang, Fire & Explosion Chairperson of the TSB investigative team said of FSEG and SMARTFIRE:

“We chose SMARTFIRE and the University of Greenwich because of the model’s sophistication and the fire modelling expertise of the Fire Safety Engineering Group, particularly their experience in the aviation sector. We have now licensed the software and intend to explore further its capabilities for accident investigation.”


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FSEG expertise is sought by standards bodies such as the BSI, ISO and IMO and Governments. Prof Galea is a nominated UK representative to: ISO committee TC92 since 2000, IMO Fire Protection (FP) meetings, FP45, 2001; FP46, 2002; FP50, 2006; FP51, 2007; since 1997 he has been a member of several British Standards Institute committees concerned with fire safety including FSH/24/5, which deals with issues concerned with life safety and evacuation and FSH/24/2 which deals with calculation methods for fire safety engineering and a member of the US Society of Fire Protection Engineers Human Behaviour Task Group, 2001-2003. Prof Galea is a member of SAPER (Scientific Advisory Panel for Emergency Response) since its inception in 2003. SAPER is chaired by Prof Sir David King – Government Chief Scientific Officer – and was set up by the CCS, OST. He has been a member of the Home Office Committee on CBRN modelling since 2004.


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FSEG is helping to shape the future of fire safety engineering practice. Members of FSEG are involved in the supervision of doctoral and masters level research students concerned with fire safety and the development and delivery of fire safety engineering courses, including, short courses for industry and MSc programmes. Since 1997, FSEG have run two short courses aimed at the fire safety engineering community, namely:

  • Principles and Practice of Fire Modelling (PPFM) and
  • Principles and Practice of Evacuation Modelling (PPEM).

These courses are concerned with theoretical and practical issues of fire and evacuation modelling. From 1997-2008 over 400 fire professionals from 38 countries have attended these courses. The courses have been assessed by the IFE as suitable for CPD, with the PPEM course being granted 35 hours and the PPFM being granted 38 hours. FSEG also offers various MASTERS DEGREE courses in fire safety engineering.


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